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Fruit Trees – Everything You Need to Know About Choosing and Growing


Fruit trees can be an excellent long-term investment, so choosing the right one for your space and needs is crucial. There are a lot of factors to consider when growing fruit trees. Are you looking for an apple tree, a pear tree or something else? Do you have enough space for it? What about pollination? These are just some questions you’ll need to answer before buying a fruit tree. Read on and learn everything you need to know about choosing and producing great-tasting fruit trees.

How to choose and grow your fruit tree – citrus tree

Different Types of Fruit Tree

There are a few types of fruit trees that you may want to consider when growing your own fruit. Apple, pear, cherry, and citrus trees are just a few examples. 

Apple trees produce a wide variety of delicious, sweet-tasting fruit and come in several different types. There are dwarf, semi-dwarf, and standard types, each better suited to different spaces. 

Pear trees are another common type of fruit tree. Pears produce a sweet, juicy fruit that is excellent in baked goods, salads, and savoury dishes. 

Cherry trees produce small, sweet cherries that are great for cooking, baking, or eating fresh. 

Citrus trees are great for indoor growing and come in a variety of types, including orange, tangerine, grapefruit, and more.

How to Choose a Fruit Tree

When you are choosing a fruit tree, there are a few factors that you should keep in mind. First, you’ll want to decide what type of fruit tree you want to grow. Some types of fruit trees are better for certain regions than others. Make sure you are choosing a fruit tree that can grow in your area. Next, you’ll want to decide how many fruit trees you want to grow. Consider how much space you have available and how many trees you can plant. You may want to plant multiple trees of the same type, or you may want to mix it up with several different fruit trees. You should also consider the size of the fruit tree. Be sure it is the right size for your space.

Fruit Tree Sizes

There are four different sizes of fruit trees: maidens, bushes, half-standards & dwarf patio trees. All these sizes produce the same size and quality of fruits as a normal tree of the same variety. The main difference is that they all grow considerable slower and are delivered year round in pots, not bareroot.

What Type of Fruit Tree Should You Grow?

If you have limited space then a dwarf or semi-dwarf tree is a great choice. If you have a larger area, a standard-sized tree is better. You should also decide if you want to grow an apple tree, pear tree, or something else. Apple trees are easy to grow and are a great choice for beginners. They do well in many different environments, and are self-pollinating, which means you don’t need another tree nearby. If you want to grow something other than an apple tree, make sure to choose a tree that is self-pollinating. Some trees, such as pear trees, require cross-pollination. This means you’ll need another pear tree nearby for pollination, or you’ll need to hand pollinate.

Growing Conditions for Fruit Trees

When growing a fruit tree, you’ll want to choose a sunny area that gets at least six hours of sunlight per day. If you have an area that receives partial shade, there are certain types of fruit trees that prefer slightly less sunlight, so this could be something to consider. If you are not sure about the level of shade in your garden, check out our plants for shaded gardens guide to learn more. 

Fruit trees need warm soil; try to plant your tree between March and September, when the soil is warm. If you plant in the colder months, the tree may not grow as well. Fruit trees need a lot of water, particularly when they are young and so you may want to use an irrigation system or a soaker hose when you are growing a fruit tree.

Tips for Care and Maintenance

When growing a fruit tree, there are several things to do for optimal growth and maintenance. First, you’ll want to fertilise your tree. You can use a fertiliser for fruit trees, or you can use compost or manure. Second, prune your tree in the spring before the buds open; you can prune the tree by removing any dead or diseased branches and shaping it. You’ll also want to water your tree; ensure the soil stays moist, especially when it is warm outside. Learn more about caring for bare root fruit trees and pillar fruit trees.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why do I need to pollinate my fruit trees? 

“When you grow a fruit tree, there are tiny flowers at the top of the tree. This is where the fruit grows. But, these flowers cannot make seeds, so they need to be pollinated by insects like bees to create more fruit trees. If you have a fruit tree, you need to make sure insects pollinate it. If you don’t have any bees in your area, you’ll need to manually pollinate your trees. This is a simple process where you take the pollen from one tree and transfer it to the other tree. You can do this with a small paintbrush or a cotton swab. Or, you can buy a small tool designed for the job. You can also plant two trees of the same fruit tree next to each other to ensure cross-pollination,” says Chris Bonnett, gardening expert for The Express.

What type of fertiliser should I use for my fruit trees? 

You can use a general-purpose fertiliser or one designed for fruit trees. You should fertilise your tree in the spring and again in the autumn.

What types of fruit trees grow well in pots?

If you don’t have room for a tree, you can still grow a few types of fruit in pots. Small, dwarf trees like tangerines and lemons are perfect for pots. You can also grow strawberries, blueberries, blackberries, and more in pots.

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When starting in any garden it is always important to understand the unique conditions of your garden space. No two gardens are identical, with every garden having its special microclimates, soil, and growing conditions. All of our guides and information are provided as general guides, and garden owners need to do their own research for each and every plant before planting. We cannot accept responsibility for plant establishment and survival in individual gardens.

Disclaimer: Although we do sell fruit trees/ edible plants which are typical consumable. We can not advise you to eat them due to various problems, such as contact with chemicals, animal-related diseases, allergy-related issues etc. Any consumption of these plants is solely down to your own judgement and we hold no responsibility for any negative outcomes.

Updated on February 16, 2024

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