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Module 16: Low-Maintenance Gardening

If you are looking for a way to enjoy the beauty of nature without spending hours and hours on maintenance, then you are in the right place. Today, we will discuss the concept of low-maintenance gardening, which is all about creating a beautiful and thriving garden with minimal effort. Whether you have a small balcony or a large garden, we will explore some of the best tips and tricks to help you create a low-maintenance garden. So, grab a pen and paper, and let’s get started!

Lesson Objectives:

  • Understand what low-maintenance gardening is
  • Identify the key principles of low-maintenance gardening

What is a low-maintenance garden?

A low-maintenance garden is a garden that requires minimal time and effort to maintain while still being beautiful and functional. It’s about creating a garden that works for you, rather than the other way around. A low-maintenance garden can be achieved through a variety of techniques. Including smart plant selection, design strategies, and efficient garden practices.

Low-maintenance garden principles

Let’s dive deeper into some of the key principles of low-maintenance gardening:

Choose the right plants:

One of the most important steps in creating a low-maintenance garden is choosing plants well-suited to your local climate, soil conditions, and light levels. Look for plants that are native to your area, as these will require less care. You can also consider plants that are drought-tolerant, disease-resistant or have low nutrient requirements.

Use smart design strategies:

Designing your garden with low maintenance in mind can help reduce the time and effort you need to put into upkeep. Consider using a variety of plant types and textures to create interest. Don’t forget to group plants with similar needs together to make watering and fertilising easier. You can also incorporate features like raised beds, mulch, and drip irrigation to help conserve water and reduce the need for frequent maintenance. Shop our watering and irrigation collection here.

Implement efficient garden practices:

Finally, you can take various practical steps to make your garden easier to maintain. For example, organic mulch can suppress weeds and retain moisture. Or use compost to improve soil fertility and structure. You can also use pruning and deadheading to keep plants looking tidy. And use natural pest control methods to reduce the need for harsh chemicals.

What are the benefits of low-maintenance gardening?

There are many benefits to creating a low-maintenance garden. Let’s explore some of the key benefits:

  1. Saves time: By designing a garden with low maintenance in mind, you can spend less time on upkeep and more time enjoying your outdoor space. This is especially important for busy homeowners or those with limited time to devote to gardening.
  2.  Reduces costs: A low-maintenance garden can also help reduce gardening costs. For example, by choosing plants that are well-suited to your local climate and soil conditions, you may be able to reduce the need for fertilisers or pesticides. Additionally, using mulch to suppress weeds can help reduce the time and money spent on weed control.
  3.  Supports biodiversity: By choosing native plants and creating habitats for beneficial insects and wildlife, you can help to support biodiversity in your local ecosystem. This can positively impact the health of your garden and the surrounding environment.
  4.  Enhances curb appeal: A well-designed low-maintenance garden can also enhance your home’s curb appeal. By incorporating a variety of textures and colours, you can create a beautiful and inviting outdoor space that will impress visitors and potential buyers.

Planning your low-maintenance garden

Planning a low-maintenance garden requires some upfront thought and consideration, but it can be fun and rewarding. Here are some steps to help you get started:

  1. Assess your space: The first step in planning a low-maintenance garden is to assess your available space. Consider factors such as the size and shape of your garden, the amount of sunlight it receives, and any existing features that may impact your design choices.
  2.  Define your goals: Consider what you want to achieve with your garden. Are you looking to create a space for relaxation and entertainment, or do you want to grow your fruits and vegetables? Defining your goals will help you make informed plant selection and design decisions.
  3.  Choose your plants: Based on your assessment of the space and your goals, choose plants that are well-suited to your local climate, soil conditions, and light levels. Look for plants that require minimal watering, fertilising, and pruning, and consider incorporating native plants to support local biodiversity.
  4.  Plan your design: Once you have chosen your plants, it’s time to plan your garden design. Consider factors such as plant spacing, colour schemes, and the use of hardscaping features like paths or raised beds. You may also want to incorporate features like mulch or drip irrigation to help reduce maintenance requirements.
  5.  Start small: If you’re new to gardening, it’s best to start small and work your way up. Focus on a few key plants or a small area of your garden to begin with, and gradually expand as you gain confidence and experience.
Garden design sketch

Garden design & features for a low-maintenance garden

Choosing the right design and features for a low-maintenance garden is key to its success. Here are some tips to help beginner gardeners choose garden design and features that are well-suited to a low-maintenance approach:

  1. Keep it simple: Regarding garden design, less is often more. Stick to a simple layout and choose a limited number of plants and hardscaping features. This will not only make maintenance easier, but it will also create a more cohesive and visually appealing garden.
  2.  Incorporate mulch: Mulch is a low-maintenance gardener’s best friend. Adding a layer of mulch to your garden beds can suppress weeds, conserve moisture, and improve soil health, all with minimal effort.
  3.  Choose native plants: Native plants are well-adapted to the local climate and soil conditions, requiring less water, fertiliser, and maintenance than non-native plants. Plus, they can help support local biodiversity by providing food and habitat for native insects and wildlife.
  4.  Consider hardscaping: Hardscaping features like paths, patios, and raised beds can add structure and visual interest to your garden while also reducing maintenance requirements. Choose materials that are well-suited to your climate and soil conditions, and consider incorporating built-in irrigation systems to reduce maintenance needs further.
  5.  Embrace container gardening: If you have limited space or want to reduce maintenance even further, container gardening can be a great option. Choose plants that are well-suited to your container size and local conditions, and consider incorporating self-watering containers to reduce watering needs.

Common mistakes in low-maintenance gardening

When it comes to creating a low-maintenance garden, there are a few common mistakes that beginner gardeners should avoid. Here are some things not to do:

  1. Don’t plant too densely: While it may be tempting to pack your garden with as many plants as possible, this can make maintenance more difficult in the long run. Overcrowded plants can compete for resources, making it difficult to access individual plants for pruning, weeding, and watering.
  2.  Don’t choose high-maintenance plants: Some plants require more maintenance than others, so it’s important to choose wisely. Avoid plants that require frequent pruning, deadheading, or fertilising, and instead, choose low-maintenance options that can thrive with minimal care.
  3.  Don’t neglect soil health: Healthy soil is the foundation of a thriving garden, so taking care of it is important. Avoid using synthetic fertilisers and pesticides, which can harm soil health and require frequent reapplication. Instead, build healthy soil through composting, mulching, and organic amendments.
  4.  Don’t ignore watering needs: While a low-maintenance garden should require minimal watering, it’s still important to ensure that plants get the moisture they need to thrive. Avoid overwatering, which can lead to root rot and other problems, but also, check soil moisture regularly and adjust watering as needed based on weather conditions and plant needs. Shop our watering and irrigation collection here.
  5.  Don’t forget about maintenance altogether: While the goal of a low-maintenance garden is to reduce the amount of time and effort required for maintenance, it’s still important to keep up with basic tasks like weeding, pruning, and mulching. Neglecting maintenance tasks can lead to bigger problems down the road, such as pest infestations or disease outbreaks.

By avoiding these common mistakes, beginner gardeners can set themselves up for success with a low-maintenance garden that is both beautiful and functional.


Look at your garden and consider how you can make it more low-maintenance. Consider what areas you are currently finding difficult in your garden. Are any plants too high maintenance for you to keep? How can you add some techniques to reduce the time you spend watering or mowing your garden?

Coming Next

A low-maintenance garden has become increasingly popular over recent years, and it is no surprise. We hope you now understand different ways how to make your garden low-maintenance. For more information and ideas, check out our article on low-maintenance gardens below.

Further Reading

Updated on March 5, 2024

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